Fun Facts about Tigers
1) Tigers are the largest cat species in the world and the 3rd largest carnivore on land (Only polar bears and brown bears are larger)
2) An adult Siberian tiger can weigh up to 660 lbs. making them the largest subspecies of tiger
3) On the other hand the Sumatran tiger is the smallest subspecies, with the males weighing up to 310 lbs., half of the weight of their Siberian cousins.
4) Tigers are the only cat species that are completely stripped. Not only is their fur stripped but their skin is also stripped.
5) How far apart a tiger’s stripes are can tell you the subspecies. For example, the Sumatran tiger stripes are closer together than any other subspecies.
6) Tigers stripes are like human fingerprints, their stripe patterns are unique to each individual tiger. Also, the stripes range in color from light brown to black and are not symmetrical on both sides.
7) Tigers can reach speeds up to 40 mph
8) A tiger’s tail is 3 ft long and helps them balance like the tail of a plane.
9) Even though tigers are fearsome predators they are only successful one in every 10 attempts
10) An adult tiger can consume up to 88 lbs. of meat in one meal. This means that an adult male tiger can eat up to 8k lb of meat.
11) A Siberian tiger has almost 20k hairs per square inch, or about 3k hairs in a single sq. cm of skin
12) You can hear a tiger’s roar from up to miles away.
13) A tiger’s hind legs are longer than its front legs giving the ability to leap 20-30 ft in one jump
14) White spots on the backs of their ears are sometimes thought to function as "eyes" to ward off potential attackers from the rear. Another theory is that they help tiger cubs follow their mothers through tall grass.
15) White tigers are not a separate subspecies nor are they albino. They are what is called leucitic, the result of a recessive gene from each parent that affects pigmentation. It is only present in 1 in every 10000White tigers typically have blue eyes.
16) Unlike most big cats, tigers are powerful swimmers and have been known to swim great distances to hunt or cross rivers. Young tigers often play in water and adults will lounge in streams or lakes to stay cool during the heat of the day. The Sumatran tiger has webbed feet, which makes it an especially skilled swimmer.3
17) A tiger's upper canine is about 4 inches (10 cm) long, which is about the size of a man's finger.
18) Tigers are called "hypercarnivores," which means they live exclusively on meat. Tigers eat cows, birds, monkeys, lizards, crocodiles, and even small elephants. Their digestive systems simply cannot digest fruit, plants, or insects.
19) A tiger's saliva is an antiseptic. It is useful for cleaning their wounds
20) A tiger's tongue is so rough that it can scrape the meat off its prey
21) During the 1930s, a female Bengal tiger named Champawat killed over 400 people, making her one of the most well-known man-eating tigers in history.
22) Domestic cats share about 95.6% of their DNA with tigers, from which they diverged on the evolutionary tree approximately 10.8 million years ago.
23) There are no wild tigers in Africa.
24) he Bali tiger was purposely hunted to extinction in Bali because it was viewed as evil. The Javan tiger and Caspian tigers were also hunted to extinction.
25) The Bengal tiger is the national animal of India and Bangladesh.
26) Currently there are tigers held privately as pets then there are in the wild.
27) Nearly 50% of tiger cubs die before they reach one year old, often because their mothers have been shot.
28) Less than 100 years ago, tigers roamed over much of Central, South, and Southeast Asia and were even found in Turkey. Now, they are found only in parts of South and Southeast Asia, and some pockets in Eastern Russia and China.
29) Despite conservation efforts, the Siberian tiger could become extinct in the wild in the next ten years.
30) Tigers are a keystone species. They're integral to the health of the ecosystems in which they live. As apex predators, they keep prey species under control. This protects the vegetation which in turn maintains the integrity of streams, forests and croplands that provide people around the world with clean air, water, food and financial benefits.